İngilizce | Cümle Kalıpları - Bilimsel | Giriş

Giriş - Başlangıç

ในการเขียน เรียงความ/รายงาน/วิทยานิพนธ์ ฉันจะตรวจสอบ/ค้นหา/ประเมิน/วิเคราะห์
In this essay/paper/thesis I shall examine/investigate/evaluate/analyze…
Tez / deneme için genel giriş
เพื่อตอบคำถามนี้ เราจะเริ่มต้นเข้าไปดูที่
To answer this question, we begin by taking a closer look at…
Bir konunun sizin odaklanacağınız belli bir alanını tanıtmak için
ผู้เชี่ยวชาญของเราได้เข้าไปดูคำถามสักครู่....
The question, whether…has been preoccupying the experts for some time.
Bir konuyu tanıtmak için yapılan genel giriş
เป็นที่รู้จักกันดีว่า...
It is a well-known fact that…
Çok iyi bilinen bir konunun tanımı için yapılan genel giriş
มีสิ่งต่างๆมากมายที่ได้ถูกเขียนเเละกล่าวถึง..
A great deal is being written and said about…
Bir konuyu tanıtmak için yapılan genel giriş
เป็นที่เห็นด้วยกันมากมายว่า...
It is generally agreed today that…
Genellikle kabul görmüş bir konuyu sorgularken yapılan konuya genel giriş
เราจะมาดูปัจจัยทั้งหมดกัน...
We then review the factors…
Girişinizi geliştirerek tezinizin tam olarak neyi konu aldığını açıklama
เราได้วิเคราะห์เพื่อบ่งชี้ถึง...
We build on this analysis to identify…
Girişinizi geliştirerek tezinizin tam olarak neyi konu aldığını açıklama
รูปแบบคงที่...คือ...
A persistent theme in...is…
Ana konuları tanıtma
ปรากฏการณ์ที่เห็นได้ชัด...ได้ถูกสังเกตหลายๆครั้ง
As an empirical phenomenon, ... has been observed repeatedly.
Çalışmanızın önemini vurgulamak için
คำถามที่กระตุ้นกระดาษแผ่นนี้คือ:...
Against this background, the central question that motivates this paper is: ...
Genel temel bilgi verilmesinden sonra gelen, çalışmanın neyle ilgili olduğunu belirten açıklama
การวิจัยชิ้นนี้อธิบายสาเหตุของ...
This research explores the causes of…
Araştırmanızın amacı ile ilgili özel açıklama
ผู้เขียนจากการศึกษาล่าสุดได้เสนอว่า...
The authors of more recent studies have proposed that…
Çalışman için seçtiğin konu hakkında günümüz bilimsel yargısının ne olduğunu sunarken kullanılır
จุดประสงค์ของเรานั้นเพื่อ...
Our purpose is to…
Çalışmanın temel amaçlarının açıklanmasında kullanılır
หลังจากการตรวจสอบเชิงประจักษ์ เราหวังว่าเราสามารถสร้างสรรค์ให้คุณสามารถเข้าใจ...ได้อย่างถ่องแท้
By empirically examining..., we hope to produce a more complete understanding of…
Methodunuzun ve konuya genel yaklaşımınızın açıklanmasında kullanılır

Giriş - Tanım

ในความหมาย... หมายถึง...
By definition… means…
Belli bir kelimeyi tanımlarken kullanılır
เพื่อจุดประสงค์ของเรียงความนี้ คำศัพท์...นี้หมายถึง
For the purposes of this essay, the term… will be taken to mean…
Belli bir kelimeyi tanımlarken kullanılır
มันสำคัญมากที่คุณจะต้องชัดเจนกับความหมายของคำว่า...
It is important to be clear about the definition of…
Belli bir kelimeyi tanımlarken kullanılır
คำนี้...หมายถึง...
The term… refers to…
Belli bir kelimeyi tanımlarken kullanılır
โมเด็ลมาตรฐานได้แนะนำว่า...สามารถนิยามได้ว่า...
The standard model suggests that… can be defined as…
Daha önce tanımı yapılmış ama yeni yorumlara açık olan bir kelimeyi tanımlarken kullanılır.
เนื่องมาจาก...ซึ่งสามารถนิยามว่า...
According to..., …is defined as…
Daha önce tanımı yapılmış ama yeni yorumlara açık olan bir kelimeyi tanımlarken kullanılır.
...สามารถให้นิยามได้หลายทาง บางคนถกเถียงคำนี้แสดงถึง...
…may be defined in many ways. Some people argue that the term denotes…
Daha önce tanımı yapılmış ama yeni yorumlara açık olan bir kelimeyi tanımlarken kullanılır.
...นั้นเข้าใจได้อย่างทั่วไปว่าหมายถึง...
…is commonly understood to mean…
Daha önce tanımı yapılmış ama yeni yorumlara açık olan bir kelimeyi tanımlarken kullanılır.
สิ่งที่เรานึกถึงเมื่อพูดถึง...คือ...
What we usually have in mind when we talk about… is…
Daha önce tanımı yapılmış ama yeni yorumlara açık olan bir kelimeyi tanımlarken kullanılır.
ตัวอย่างสั้นๆ 2 ตัวอย่างเพื่อให้คอนเส็ปชัดแจ้งยิ่งขึ้น
Two brief examples might clarify this concept.
Ardından örneklerle fikrinizi belirtebileceğiniz bir açıklama
มันสำคัญมากที่จะเน้นความหมาย
It is important to emphasize…
Tanımınıza dikkat çekmek istediğinizde kullanılır
เรามุ่งเน้นที่ประเด็นของ...
Our focus is on…
Belli bir kelimeyi tanımlamak için sıradan bir yol
ในท้ายที่สุด เราควรนิยามความหมายของ...
Finally, we should clarify our definition of…
Bir paragrafın bitimine doğru belli bir kelimeyi tanımlamak için kullanılır
เราหมายถึงว่า...
What we mean is that…
Bir tanımı daha derinlemesine açıklamada ya da örnek vermede kullanılır
คำอธิบายหลายๆคำได้ถูกเสนอเข้ามา
Several explanations have been offered.
Ardından tanımınızı daha detaylı belirtebileceğiniz bir açıklama
เราสามารถแบ่งแยกคำอธิบายให้เป็น...
We can characterize these explanations as being rooted in…
Tanımınız için oluşturduğunuz temeli açıklamada / netleştirmede kullanılır
คำอธิบายเหล่านั้นเติมเต็มซึ่งกันและกันและช่วยพัฒนาปรากฏการณ์ของ...
These explanations complement each other and help to illuminate the phenomenon of…
Bir kelimeyi açıklamak adına verilmiş birkaç örnekten sonra kullanılır
อันเนื่องมาจาก...ผู้เชี่ยวชาญได้แย้งไว้ว่า...
Following..., scholars have argued that …
Bir alanın yaratıcısı denecek uzmanlıkta bir kişiden bahsederken kullanılır

Giriş - Hipotez

คำถามหลักนั้นกลายเป็น:...จะมีผลกระทบต่อ...อย่างไร?
The central question then becomes: how might… affect…?
Ana hipotezi sunarken kullanılır
ใช้เพื่อเป็นหลักฐานสำหรับ... การตรวจสอบปัจจัยต่างๆที่มีผลต่อ...ดูเหมือนจะได้รับการรับรองแล้ว
Given this evidence for..., an examination of the factors that impact upon… seems warranted.
Ana hipotezi sunarken kullanılır
เมื่อ 10 ปีที่ผ่านมา... และ...ได้เริ่มต้นการอภิปรายเกี่ยวกับคำถามนี้: ว่า...
Over a decade ago, … and… started a debate centering on this question: whether…
Ana hipotezi sunarken kullanılır
การวิจัยครั้งนี้ได้อธิบายถึง...โดยการพัฒนาและทดสอบสมมติฐานต่างๆมากมายที่บ่งบอกถึง...มีผลกระทบต่อ...
This research addresses… by developing and testing a series of hypotheses indicating how… affects...
Ana hipotezi sunarken kullanılır
ดังนั้น เหตุผลข้างต้นได้เริ่มต้นโดย... เราได้ตั้งสมมติฐานว่า...
Thus, following the reasoning set forth by..., we hypothesize that…
Ana hipotezi sunarken kullanılır
มีข้อถกเถียงที่เป็นทางการโดย... แต่ยังไม่ได้ถูกตรวจสอบ
Some of these arguments have been formalized by..., but none have been tested.
Hipotezini tanıtmak ve çalışmanın özgün olduğunu belirtmek için kullanılır
หลักฐานจากการเรียนได้เสนอแนะปัจจัยที่เกี่ยวข้องกับ...
The evidence from these studies suggests a variety of factors related to…
Çalışmanla ve hipotezinle örtüşen faktörleri sunarken kullanılır
...ได้ค้นพบความสัมพันธ์ระหว่าง...และ...
...found a significant correlation between… and…
Senin çalışmanla ilintisi bulunan başka birinin çalışmasına gönderme yapmak veya dikkat çekmek için kullanılır